His most famous campaign took place during the Second Punic War , when he caught the Romans off guard by crossing the Alps. When Hannibal in his own, Punic language: Hanba'al , "mercy of Ba'al " was born in BCE, his birthplace Carthage was about to lose a long and important war. The city had been the Mediterranean's most prosperous seaport and possessed wealthy provinces, but it had suffered severe losses from the Romans in the First Punic War After Rome's victory, it stripped Carthage of its most important province, Sicily ; and when civil war had broken out in Cartage, Rome seized Sardinia and Corsica as well. These events must have made a great impression on the young Hannibal. He was the oldest son of the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca , who took the ten-year old boy to Iberia in
Who Was Hannibal?
He is widely considered one of the greatest military commanders in world history. His younger brothers were Mago and Hasdrubal , and he was brother-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair ; who also commanded Carthaginian armies. Hannibal lived during a period of great tension in the western Mediterranean Basin, triggered by the emergence of the Roman Republic as a great power after it had established its supremacy over Italy. Although Rome had won the First Punic War , revanchism prevailed in Carthage, symbolised by the alleged pledge that Hannibal made to his father never to be a friend of Rome. He then made his famous military exploit of carrying war to Italy by crossing the Alps with his African elephants. In his first few years in Italy, he won a succession of dramatic victories at the Trebia , Lake Trasimene , and Cannae. He distinguished himself for his ability to determine his and his opponent's respective strengths and weaknesses, and to plan battles accordingly. Hannibal's well-planned strategies allowed him to conquer several Italian cities allied to Rome. Hannibal occupied most of southern Italy for 15 years, but could not win a decisive victory, as the Romans led by Fabius Maximus avoided confrontation with him, instead waging a war of attrition.
In B. He then marched his massive army across the Pyrenees and Alps into central Italy in what would be remembered as one of the most famous campaigns in history. After a string of victories, the most notable coming at Cannae in B.
Hannibal Barca was a Carthaginian general who was considered to be one of the great military leaders in history. Hannibal was born in BCE and lived during a time of great political and military strife. Carthage was a large and important Phoenician city-state in northern Africa, which was often at odds with the Greek and Roman empires. Because Hannibal came from Africa, the question is sometimes asked, "was Hannibal black? The term Black in modern usage in the U. Frank M. In Egypt, as in other areas of northern Africa, there were other colors that could be used to describe complexions.